Below is a list of the most frequent car accident injuries that can occur:
Brain injuries** **
A car accident can cause traumatic brain injury (TBI) which can occur as a result of a blow to the head or a piercing head injury. A TBI ranges in seriousness – mild, like a concussion that can heal on its own, or severe, such as an injury that impairs critical functions such as speech, vision, concentration, memory and emotional control.
Other forms of head injuries
This list of injuries include eye injuries resulting in partial vision loss or blindness; injuries to the ear resulting in loss of hearing; facial or jaw fractures; and dental injuries, including loss of teeth.
Neck and back
Whiplash occurs when the neck stretches and quickly snaps back into place as a result of either a sudden stop or acceleration. It is the most common injury suffered in car accidents. It can damage the vertebrae, ligaments or disks, or the spinal cord itself, in the neck and back, potentially causing paralysis or other loss of function in one or more limbs or larger portions of the body. A blow to the neck can also crush the trachea or larynx. A broken neck as a result of a car accident can result in instant death. Less severe neck and back injuries can occur causing chronic pain that can significantly reduce the quality of life.
The impact caused during a collision can break ribs and/or the sternum (breast bone). This often occurs if a driver or passenger was not wearing a seat belt. While the severity of chest injuries has been greatly reduced by airbags in dashboards and steering wheels, fractures and injuries to organs can still occur.
A diaphragm rupture is a tear of the muscle across the bottom of the rib cage, often caused by blunt or penetrating trauma to the trunk or lower chest. The diaphragm is crucial to respiration.
Compressive pelvic injuries/injury to abdominal organs. The liver, spleen, and kidneys are commonly injured in front- and side-impact collisions.
Leg and knee
Most leg and knee injuries occur as a result of smashing into a part of the car. This can result in a range of wounds ranging from contusions (bruises) to fractures. If knees are abruptly twisted or turned they can suffer meniscus tears (tearing of cartilage in the knee).
Often ankles, feet, and toes can easily be strained, sprained or broken (fractured), or in worst cases severed from the body.